Agile

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Agile

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Agile

1 Title/current version Agile books
Agile

2 The basics of Agile books
Originating from the world of IT where the concept of Agile
refers to a set of software development methods based on
iterative and incremental development, where requirements and
solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing,
cross-functional teams. Nowadays, the principles of the Agile
approach are also used in other domains, for example design &
engineering, product development, manufacturing, etc.

3 Summary of Agile books
Incremental software development methods have been traced
back to 1957. ‘Lightweight’ software development methods
evolved in the mid-1990s as a reaction against ‘heavyweight’
methods, which were characterized by their critics as a heavily
regulated, regimented, micromanaged, waterfall model of
development. Supporters of lightweight methods (and now Agile
methods) contend that they are a return to earlier practices in
software development.

Early implementations of lightweight methods include Scrum
(1993), Crystal Clear, Extreme Programming (XP, 1996),
Adaptive Software Development, Feature Driven Development,
DSDM (1995, called DSDM-Atern since 2008), and the Rational
Unifi ed Process (RUP, 1998). These are now typically referred to
as Agile methods, after the Agile Manifesto.

The Agile Manifesto was written in February 2001, at a summit
of independent-minded practitioners of several programming
methods.Agile

The Agile Manifesto has twelve underlying principles:
1. Customer satisfaction by rapid delivery of useful software
2. Welcome changing requirements, even late in development
3. Working software is delivered frequently (weeks rather than
months)
4. Working software is the principal measure of progress
5. Sustainable development, able to maintain a constant pace
6. Close, daily co-operation between business people and
developers
7. Face-to-face conversation is the best form of communication
(co-location)
8. Projects are built around motivated individuals, who should
be trusted
9. Continuous attention to technical excellence and good design
10. Simplicity
11. Self-organizing teams
12. Regular adaptation to changing circumstances

Agile methods break tasks into small increments with minimal
planning and do not directly involve long-term planning.
Iterations are short time frames. Team composition in an Agile
project is usually cross-functional and self-organizing and team
size is usually small (5-9 people). The Agile method encourages
stakeholders to prioritize “their requirements on the basis of
business value”.

The Agile approach is supported by the Agile Alliance, a not-for-
profit organization that wants to see Agile projects start and help
Agile teams perform. It is funded by individual memberships,
corporate memberships, and by the proceeds from the Agile
conferences. It is not a certifi cation body and does not endorse
any certification programmes.

4 Target audience of Agile books
Anyone involved in an Agile development project team; including
analysts, architects, developers, engineers, testers and business
customer/users; anyone supporting or managing an Agile project
team who requires a detailed understanding of the practices and
benefits of Agile development.

5 Scope and constraints of Agile books
Applicable to development environments. Improved quality;
higher productivity; positive effect on business satisfaction.

Constraints:
• Works less well in distributed development efforts where
teams are not located together
• Acceptance: forcing an Agile process on a development team
that is unfamiliar with the approach
• Exceptions: mission-critical systems where failure is not an
option at any cost (e.g. software for surgical procedures)

6 Relevant website of Agile books 
www.agilemanifesto.org

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