The Service Automation Framework consists of six main building blocks that can be divided into the ‘heart’ (focused on design) and the ‘brain’ (focused on delivery), which are both equally important in delivering automated services:
1. User: The building block that defines the key characteristics of the groups of people a service provider aims to serve;
2. Service Design: The business function that designs and defines the service offering of a service provider. It is the concretization of the service concepts into an actual design, including the relevant support structures and digital interfaces;
3. Technology: The building block that defines the setup and usability of the digital interfaces, connecting service providers with their users;
4. Automated Deployment: The processes that enable a user to start using a service based on his or her own action;
5. Service Delivery Automation: The processes that enable a user to change or resolve any aspect of the service based on his or her own action;
6. Serendipity Management: The processes that facilitate a planned and continuous approach in order to constantly exceed the expectations of users.
Each of the six building blocks form an essential step in design and delivery of automated services.
In addition to the six building blocks of SAF, the seven Service Automation Framework Techniques can be considered as a step-by-step plan that organizations can use to adopt Service Automation. Each of the seven SAFTs discuss in detail what techniques an organization should use to design and deliver automated services:
1. SAFT1 – Building User Groups and User Characteristics: In order to deliver ‘valuable’ services, it is necessary to understand the Service Perception of individual users. SAFT 1 provides the techniques to build the User Groups and User Characteristics that shape the Service Perception.
2. SAFT2 – Translating User Profiles into User Action: In order to ensure that services meet or exceed user requirements or expectations, service providers need to understand the needs and triggers that initiate service requests. SAFT2 provides the techniques to translate User Profiles into User Actions, keeping in mind the psychographic criteria that determine the overall UX.
3. SAFT3 – Compose the Service Automation Blueprint: The SAF Canvas enables the composition of a Service Automation Blueprint which outlines the ‘ultimate User Experience’ for a specific service and a specific User Group.
4. SAFT4 – Technology Interface Modeling: The goal of Technology Interface Modeling is to design a Self- Service Portal (e.g. the technology interface) based on industry best practices.
5. SAFT5 – Implement Automated Deployment Processes: The goal of this exercise is to apply the three processes of Automated Deployment (Provisioning Process, Familiarization Process and Fulfillment Process) into your own organization.
6. SAFT6 – Implement Service Delivery Automation Processes: The goal of this exercise is to apply the five processes of Service Delivery Automation (Request, Inquiry, Resolution, Upgrade and Feedback Process) into your own organization.
7. SAFT7 – Surprise your user with Serendipity Management: The goal of this exercise is to apply Serendipity Management to transform your organization’s customers into long-term fans.
Through the chapters of the Service Automation book, each of the seven Service Automation Framework Techniques is illustrated using the case study of the Swan Hotel Group.